Italian, but not too much. The challenge of the second generation€ 3.00
While everyone is focusing on the migrants crossing, the asylum seekers and the ports people want to close, the main challenge for a long term vision of migration in Italy is actually the integration of the second generation. A heterogeneous population of around 1.3 million people, 826,000 of whom are children in school and 30,000 are university students. Not everyone likes the term “integration”. Some people prefer the milder “coexisting” or “interaction”, while others use the more political “inclusion”. Integration that is cleansed of misunderstandings requires three different dimensions: the first is structural (find a decent job); the second is relational (establishing a network of friendships); and the third is personal (develop the necessary skills to be part of society). We must question whether the public institutions and society as a whole are promoting the actions needed to stimulate the integration of this second generation. The issue of citizenship is a typical example.
Maurizio Ambrosini is lecturer in the Sociology of Migration at the Università degli Studi in Milan, also teaching at Nice University and the Italian branch of Stanford University. He is responsible for science of the Study Centre Medì – Migrations in the Mediterranean in Genova, where he edits the journal Mondi Migranti and runs the Italian Summer School of Sociology of Migration. He is a consultant for ISPI and collaborates with the newspaper Avvenire and website lavoce.info. He is a member of National Council of Economy and Labour (CNEL), where he is charge of the body coordinating integration policies. His publications include: Sociologia delle migrazioni (with L. Sciolla, 2011); Immigrazione irregolare e welfare invisibile (2013) with Mulino; Non passa lo straniero? (Cittadella, 2014); Migrazioni (Egea, 2017); Irregular immigration in Southern Europe (Palgrave, 2018); and he was one of the editors of the volume Il Dio dei migranti (il Mulino, 2018).