From building communities to erecting walls: why does racism sometimes win?€ 3.00
“Community” is a word that seems to come from the past, evocating warmth, intimacy, knowledge and the ability to coexist. But it is not easy to build a community, it requires a continual willingness to live together, daily negotiation with other people, keeping relationships alive. A community is a common project one has to believe in so it will survive. In fact, external influences or internal fractures can destabilise the connections between people, causing the community’s horizons to dim or even disappear into the ether. This is why our sense of belonging is diminished and we find ourselves orphans of the community. Fear, rage and selfishness can also restrict the boundaries of Us to the point of excluding the Others, awakening new or old racisms. And this is when they build those walls that deny us any horizon and cast their shadows over us, cooling the warmth the community knew how to provide.
Marco Aime is professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Genoa. He has conducted research on the Alps and in West Africa. Aime has authored a number of books: Le radici nella sabbia(EDT, 1999); Il primo libro di antropologia(2008), Il dono al tempo di Internet(with A. Cossetta, 2010), L’altro e l’altrove(with D. Papotti 2012), Contro il razzismo (with G. Barbujani, C. Bartoli, F. Faloppa, 2016) published by Einaudi; Verdi tribù del Nord (Laterza, 2012); Gli specchi di Gulliver(2006), Timbuctu(2008), Il diverso come icona del male(with Emanuele Severino, 2009), Gli uccelli della solitudine(2010), Cultura(2013), L'isola del non arrivo. Voci da Lampedusa (2018) published by Bollati Boringhieri; All’Avogadro si cominciava a ottobre (Agenzia X, 2014); La macchia della razza (2012), Etnografia del quotidiano(2014) published by elèuthera; La fatica di diventare grandi. La scomparsa dei riti di passaggio (Einaudi, 2014); Tra i castagni dell'Appennino. Conversazione con Francesco Guccini (2014); Senza sponda (2015) published by Utet. He transleted Atlante delle frotiere by Bruno Tertrais e Delphine Papin (2018, ADD editore); He's going to publish Comunità (il Mulino, 2019).